Distal Femur Fracture – Frisco, TX
OrthoTexas, Frisco provides complete diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of knee conditions. The surgeons specialize in treating Distal Femur Fractures to help patients restore the functionality of the knee joint.

Distal Femur Fracture

Distal femur refers to the lower end of the thigh bone that meets with the shin bone to form the knee joint. A thick articular cartilage layer lies between the two bones and prevents them from rubbing against each other. Distal Femur Fracture occurs due to a break or crack in the thigh bone just above the knee joint. The injury is quite rare and is most likely to afflict the people involved in high impact activities. Distal Femur Fractures can be classified as:

  • Transverse Fracture- When the break occurs straight across the bone
  • Comminuted Fracture- Breaking of the bone into many pieces at the same time
  • Intra-articular Fracture- A fracture that extends into the knee joint and causes damage to the articular cartilage as well

Causes Of Distal Femur Fracture

  • Direct hit/trauma to the knee joint
  • High impact vehicular accidents
  • A sudden fall can break the bone
  • Osteoporosis
  • Weakening of the bones with age or due to loss of calcium in the body
  • Sports injuries

Symptoms Of Distal Femur Fracture

  • Severe pain
  • Swelling
  • Inability to stand or bear body weight
  • A piece of bone may stick out in case of open fracture
  • Visible deformity
  • Redness and tenderness around the joint
  • Bruising
  • The leg may appear crooked

Diagnosis Of Distal Femur Fracture

  • Detailed clinical evaluation by a knee surgeon  
  • Evaluation of the mode of injury and medical history of the patient
  • Tests to check for loss of blood supply or nerve sensation in the injured leg
  • X-ray imaging to analyze the location and severity of fracture
  • In case of open fracture, the skin around the knee joint may be checked for an infection
  • MRI and CT scan may be conducted in some cases

Treatment For Distal Femur Fracture

Distal Femur Fractures can be treated both surgically and non-surgically depending on severity of the injury. Treatment methods may involve:

  • Skeletal traction which involves use of weights and pulleys to bring the bone back to its original position
  • The leg may be immobilized in a brace or cast to keep the bone pieces stable and promote healing
  • External fixation- An external fixator may be connected by surgically fixing pins and screws to the shin bone as well as middle portion of the femur
  • Internal fixation- This is a common method that involves inserting a metal rod into the marrow canal of distal femur. Alternatively, plates and screws may be inserted after repositioning the broken bone.
  • Bone grafts- A piece of bone may be extracted from the pelvis and inserted into the knee joint to allow healing. Artificial bone fillers may also be used in place of a graft
  • Knee replacement may be required in some cases
  • Use of crutches or walker may be recommended to prevent weight bearing for about 3 months post-surgery
  • Physical therapy may help to restore strength and mobility in the limb

For diagnosis and treatment of Distal Femur Fracture and other knee conditions, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the knee surgeons, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.