The orthopedic surgeons at OrthoTexas, Frisco provide effective treatment for a wide range of knee conditions. They specialize in using advanced surgical and non-surgical techniques to treat Discoid Meniscus.  

Discoid Meniscus

Each knee has two crescent shaped cartilage called menisci that provide support and cushioning to the bones. These act as shock absorbers to the femur and shinbone. The menisci are classified as medial meniscus (located inside the knee) and lateral meniscus (located outside the knee). Discoid Meniscus refers to an anomaly wherein the menisci become thicker and attain a disc or oval shape. The patient may either not have any apparent symptoms throughout his/her life or experience mild to moderate discomfort, particularly during physical activity. Symptoms of Discoid Meniscus generally tend to appear during early adulthood.

Types Of Discoid Meniscus:

  • Incomplete- Characterized by slightly thick and wide meniscus (compared to the normal)
  • Complete- The tibia is completely covered by the meniscus in this case
  • Hypermobile Wrisberg- Complete absence of the meniscofemoral ligament which connects the meniscus and tibia. This ligament also maintains blood supply to the meniscus

Causes Of Discoid Meniscus

  • Inherent congenital defects
  • Sports activities that involve twisting of the knee
  • Sudden fall or trauma to the knee which may damage the meniscus

Symptoms Of Discoid Meniscus

  • Inability to stretch or bend the knee comfortably
  • Instability of the knee
  • Pain which may get aggravated with motion
  • Swelling, tenderness, stiffness
  • A popping or locking type of sensation in the knee
  • A part of the meniscus may be visible when the knee is bent

Diagnosis Of Discoid Meniscus

  • Physical evaluation of the knee, apparent symptoms and range of motion of the knee joint
  • The doctor may physically twist the knee to check for pain
  • MRI imaging to view the soft tissues
  • X-ray imaging to check the widening of the space between the femur and tibia due to the thickening of the meniscus

Treatment For Discoid Meniscus

  • Saucerization- surgical reshaping of the meniscus
  • Stitching the torn pieces of meniscus or removing them completely
  • The patient may be required to use a knee strap, brace or crutches post-surgery for additional support
  • Physical therapy may help to restore strength and flexibility of the joint
  • In some cases, the patient may be advised to refrain from sports such as football and soccer to avoid undue pressure on the repaired meniscus

For treatment of Discoid Meniscus, visit OrthoTexas, Frisco. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeons, call at (214) 618 – 5502.